DEFINE-CLIMATE is a simplified module of DEFINE that shows how climate change is affected by economic activity. A brief description of the module is available here. The R code can be downloaded here. This web interface allows you to use DEFINE-CLIMATE to explore how climate change is affected by the following key factors:

  • The rate of economic growth after 2022. With everything else given, the higher the rate of growth the higher the use of non-renewable energy and the higher the generation of carbon emissions. The default value is 2.9%.

  • The share of non-fossil energy in total energy after 2022. An increase in this share has a favourable effect on climate change because it permits the production of goods and services without relying on fossil fuel combustion. The default value is 14% which is close to the current share of non-fossil energy.

  • The energy intensity after 2022. This is defined as the use of energy (in exajoules) per GDP (trillion US$, 2017 prices). The higher the level of energy intensity the more adverse the impact of economic activity on climate change. The default value is 6.86 exajoules per trillion US$, which is close to the current level of energy intensity.

  • The transient climate  response to cumulative emissions. This is defined as the increase in atmospheric temperature per 1 Teratonne (or 1000 Gigatonnes) of cumulative carbon emissions. The default value is 1.72 oC/Tt C.

Note: The module does not include the feedback effects of climate change on economic growth and the use of energy. These effects are incorporated in DEFINE, but have been assumed away in the interface for simplification purposes.